Access in Syria
#633.04?Rank out of 92 countries. Score out of 10.
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In 2011, the Internet penetration rate in Syria was 22.5 percent. Shelling and bombing from armed conflict that began that year, however, has caused extensive damage to communications infrastructure in some areas, making access difficult. The state maintains a monopoly on fixed-line services and is largely able to control access to the Internet through the Syrian Telecommunication Establishment (STE), a state-owned entity that maintains all telecommunications infrastructure and is also the main Internet Service provider (ISP). The government has tried to use this control to its advantage in the ongoing conflict. In July 2012 and again in November 2012, the government effectively disconnected the entire country from the Internet. Announcements on state-run television during these periods stated that the shutdown was an intentional display of state control designed to showcase its network warfare skills and terrorize citizens and opposition forces.